A Southern Barbecue, a wood engraving from a sketch by Horace Bradley, published in Harper's Weekly, July 1887. Barbecue sauce recipes below.
Before their arrival in the Americas, young women in West and Central Africa learned how to cook whatever wild game the men of their village or tribe brought home. African women cooked most meats over an open pit and ate them with a sauce similar to what we now call a barbecue sauce made from lime or lemon juice and hot peppers. The point here is that enslaved Africans came from regions where they barbecued during feast days. Thus, barbecuing was another African technique that they had to adapt to the ingredients available to them as enslaved African cooks on white-owned plantations. Today folks in the state of Florida are most associated with adding lime or lemon to their tomato based barbecue sauce and Carolina pit barbecue seems closet to what we see with West and Central African barbecue with a heavy hand on hot peppers, lemon and or lime. Below are recipes for a Carolina pit barbecue sauce with lemon and lime and an Eastern Carolina barbecue sauce with lots of hot pepper; there is also related barbecue sauce link.
Barbecue sauce music video—a must see! http://filmshare.info/view/812/the-bbq-song/
Eastern Carolina barbecue sauce: http://sagetrifle.blogspot.com/2009/11/eastern-north-carolina-barbecue-sauce.html
The Regional barbecue sauce variatons: http://www.bbq-sauces.com/