Friday, February 27, 2015

Eating While Poor, Cabbage

Smothered cabbage, recipes below
My love of cooking cabbage started out of necessity in college when I rented my first apartment as a first year student at Herkimer (Herk) County Community College. This was before the college had dorms. “I called my mom to have her walk me through how to cook something,” said Ed Anderson who played basketball at Herk. I did that until I got to the point where I could cook it on my own.” Ed goes on to say, “I cooked southern food because that’s what I grew up on in Rochester.” His father migrated to Rochester from Florida and his mom from Georgia. My grandparents migrated to Westchester County, New York from North Carolina and Virginia. As a result Ed and I cooked inexpensive southern dishes like cabbage and inexpensive cuts of poultry like chicken wings.  

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Lenten Season Series with Related Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Lenten+Season

Eating While Poor Series with Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Eating+While+Poor


Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402

Smothered Cabbage Recipe: http://www1.essence.com/recipes/dinner/info/smotheredcabbagepot

Vegan Ginger Cabbage Recipe: http://thegoddesseffect.blogspot.com/2009_11_01_archive.html:

Herkimer Food Stories with Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Herkimer

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Jamaican Rice and Peas, A History

Worker eating rice and peas (Courtesy of the Library of Congress) 
Jamaica represented what historian Franklin Knight calls an exploitation society colony—the British made no attempt to populate the island with a British settlers or recreate British culture on the island. Instead the imported large numbers of enslaved Africans as their labor force and producers of food for the few white who ran the islands sugar industry. The majority of the imported slaves came from West Africa’s rice coast. In Jamaica, planters supplied slaves with weekly rations of salted fish and slaves agitated for the right to have and maintain small parcels of land as subsistence farms. The enslaved planted coconuts, rice, kidney beans, and gungo beans also called pigeon peas. They cooked rice and peas with fresh coconut milk herbs and spices. 

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Lenten Season Series with Related Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Lenten+Season

Rice and Beans/Rice and Peas Series with Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=rice+and+beans

Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402



Wednesday, February 25, 2015

Dr. Alvenia Fulton, History of A Food Pioneer

Vegetarian chili and corn bread, recipes below
Master Herbalist Dr. Alvenia Moody Fulton held a Masters of Divinity from Greater Payne Theological Seminary in Birmingham, Alabama (she was the schools first female student and graduate) and a PhD. in naturopathic medicine from Lincoln College of Naturopathy in Indianapolis.  She served as an African Methodist Episcopal pastor in Louisville, Kentucky, Birmingham, Alabama, and Manhattan, Kansas (the home of Kansas State University). She would go on to open a business/ministry on 52 Street on the south side of Chicago in a rough part of the city but the criminals protected and looked out for her. “The word on the Southside was leave that old lady alone,” she cares about us, said Dick Gregory who Fulton mentored.  


Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Lenten Season Series with Related Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Lenten+Season

Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402

Vegetarian Chili Recipes: http://www.cdkitchen.com/recipes/cat/1275/

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Breaking Bread Podcast

The Breaking Bread Podcast logo
Dr. Fred Opie can now be heard on the Breaking Bread podcast where you can listen and download stories on food traditions and food policy. The podcast focuses on understanding individuals, groups, and societies through the lens of food. Opie shares interviews, excerpts from lectures and keynote speeches. Look for content on his recent books on New York City protest history and his new culinary biography of the noted Florida native and writer Zora Neale Hurston who was a contemporary of William Faulkner.

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie.

Breaking Bread Podcast: http://fdopie.podomatic.com/

Fred Opie's Newest Books:

Upsetting the Apple Cart: Black and Latino Coalitions in New York From Protest to Public Office: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402ml

Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food: https://www.historypress.net/catalogue/bookstore/books/Series/American%20Palate/Zora-Neale-Hurston-on-Florida-Food/9781626198722

Eating While Poor Series, Turnips

Image from goodcookingforhardtimes.wordpress.com

Roasted turnips, shallots, garlic, and rosemary
Most believe turnips have their roots in northeastern Europe or Asia. Before potatoes could be had in abundant outside of South America, the poor in Europe regularly ate turnips. However elites primarily used turnips to feed their livestock during the winter months. One of the earliest sources we have on turnips in the United states is dated 1796 in which a William Cobbett is described as assisting in harvesting some Russian turnips from a garden aAt No. 43 Beekman street, in New York, lives a gentleman who assisted in pulling the Russia turnips from said field in 1796. Had Mr. Cobbett been the first to introduce this fine vegetable into America, he deserved, as Mr. Windham said on another occasion, ' a ...t No. 43 Beekman street, in New City. Apparently merchants sold them at places like the city’s old Fly Market. The poor found that turnip leaves (greens) and the turnip itself served as an excellent inexpensive source of nutrition during the winter months. Turnips are low in Saturated Fat, and very low in Cholesterol. It is also a good source of Riboflavin, Magnesium, Potassium and Copper, and a very good source of Dietary Fiber, Protein, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Folate, Calcium, Iron and Manganese. I highly recommend them as a side dish this Thanksgiving. Here are some incredibly delicious turnips recipes:

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Lenten Season Series with Related Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Lenten+Season

Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402

Roasted Turnips, Shallots, Garlic, and Rosemary Recipe: http://whatdidyoueat.typepad.com/what_did_you_eat/2006/01/roasted_turnips.html

Monday, February 23, 2015

Mondays in New Orleans Means Red Beans and Rice

Red beans and rice, recipe below
Tradition has it that black domestics in New Orleans served red beans and rice on Mondays which had historically been laundry day. Large pots of beans seasoned with herbs and spices and slow cooking for hours at the back of the stove while women completed the labor intensive job of cleaning laundry by hand before the advent of the washing machine. In addition, entrepreneurs seeing a market for them sold red beans and rice as street vendors on and the around the bustling docks of the crescent city. Today rice and beans are on the menu of white table cloth and more humble New Orleans restaurants.

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Rice and Beans and Peas and Rice Stories:
New Orleans Foodways: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=New+Orleans

Lenten Season Series with Related Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Lenten+Season

Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402

Red Beans and Recipe: http://find.myrecipes.com/recipes/recipefinder.dyn?action=displayRecipe&recipe_id=257296

Vegan Red Beans and Rice Recipe:

Friday, February 20, 2015

Food Rebels

Quiche, recipes below 
In the 1960s and 1970s several debates developed over eating soul food. Some African-American intellectuals like Amiri Baraka argued that soul food was a unique part of black culture that should be celebrated. Food writers like Craig Claiborne insisted that soul food was a southern regional food that belonged to southerners. And three groups of African Americans I call “food rebels” argued that soul food is nothing to be celebrated or guarded as our own because it was killing black folk. In the chapter titled Food Rebels, I argue that the Nation of Islam (which Malcolm X once belonged) advocates of natural-food diets, and college-and university-educated African Americans called for eating healthier. 

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Nation of Islam Stories and Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Nation+of+Islam

Nation of Islam Recipes: http://www.seventhfam.com/scmhwc/ourfamily/vegetarian.htm

Caramelized Onion Quiche Recipe: http://simplyrecipes.com/recipes/caramelized_onion_quiche/

Spinach Quiche with Onion Jam Recipe: http://shesinthekitchen.blogspot.com/2008/08/unexpected-company-spinach-quiche-with.html

Mushroom Quiche Recipe: http://simplyrecipes.com/recipes/mushroom_quiche/

Vegan Mushroom Quiche Recipe: http://kblog.lunchboxbunch.com/2009/06/vegan-tofu-quiche-mushrooms-scallions.html

Best Vegan Quiche Ever Recipe: http://eatmorevegies.blogspot.com/2010/11/best-vegan-quiche-ever.html

Thursday, February 19, 2015

Pies Instead of Picketing


Acorn squash pie, recipes below
Since the 1950s the Nation of Islam had served as an alternative to the NAACP, CORE, SNCC, and other groups engaged in a nonviolent strategy to advance the interest of black people. Picketing against businesses that discriminated against black customers represented the Nation’s most visible sign of civil rights protest. Later, the Nation opposed armed revolution as a strategy toward black uplift during the black power movement of the late 1960s and thereafter. In 1968, its leader Elijah Muhammad advocated self-help programs that helped black communities instead of throwing bricks or Molotov cocktails.The Nation operated bakeries, a large supermarket, and restaurants. Its retail food businesses focused on healthier food and better service than available to most African Americans at the time. The elegant white tablecloth Shabazz Restaurant in Chicago served as the Nation's first foray into opening a formal dining restaurant. The Nation claimed that its excellent food, aesthetics, comfort, and courteous and efficient service served as its trademark. Its menu included finest entrees "salads, vegetables, and desserts.” I've had their acorn squash pie and it's a sensational sweet pie similar to sweet potato pie.


Acorn Squash Pie Recipe

Ingredients
1 1/2 cup baked, peeled and mashed acorn squash
3/4 cup light brown sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon grated nutmeg
3 tablespoons vanilla extract
2 egg or egg substitute
2/3 cup evaporated milk 

Instructions
Prepare pie crust to be filled*. Cut squash in half take out the seeds, aerate with folk and bake and until soft and sweet. Peel, mash, and blend if necessary the squash. Mix squash and everything else, pour into pie pan. Bake for about an hour at 400 degrees. Refrigerator overnight before serving. *Any pie crust or crust recipe that you like ( have some on earlier post with pie recipes)

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Pie Stories and Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=%22Pie%22

Nation of Islam Stories and Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Nation+of+Islam

Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

Fried Pies Part 2

Fried pie, video and recipes  below (photo from http://nashvillefork.com/ 
Atlanta, Georgia native Gladys Knight provides interesting culinary insights into Georgia foodways. Born in 1944, Knight grew up on fried chicken dinners on Sundays served with southern side dishes and desserts. “Our Sunday dinners featured fried chicken to die for,” she says, “and the all day eating frenzies came to a grand finale with lemon pies, spice cakes, coconut cakes, and my Aunt Velma’s famous fried pies.” Fried pies or crab lanterns, are deep fried pastries filled with dried fruit. The dried fruit provides an intense sweetness. Fried pies developed in the south out of two necessities: a use for leftover pie crust from making a traditional pie and they provided pies made with dried fruit that would not spoil and thus could travel well in a lunch bucket on in the very hot south. 

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Pie Stories and Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=%22Pie%22

Apples Everywhere Series with Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Apples+Everywhere

Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402

Documentary Film on Fried Pies: [Watch 10 min 28 sec]http://southernfoodways.org/documentary/film/&_fried_pies.html 

Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Fried Pies Part 1


 Fried Peach Pie, recipes below  
During the Civil War (1861-1865) a soldiers rations most often included coffee, sugar, a dried biscuit called hardtack, and salt or fresh pork or beef. They also might receive vinegar and dried fruit and vegetables as part of their rations. On rare occasion commissaries sent them fresh veggies like potatoes, onions, carrots, and turnips. With these food items camps cooks had to come up with meals that satisfied their regiments like for example fried pies or crab lanterns as some called them. On the battle field they would have been made with dried fruit and vinegar rations and lard and flour acquired by barter or gun point. They are shaped into fruit filled turnovers and would have been deep fried over a camp fire in a cast-iron skillet. Fried pies remained popular after the war because they traveled well and did not require refrigeration.

Like us on Facebook www.facebook.com/FrederickDouglassOpie?ref=hl and Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/DrFredDOpie

Pie Stories and Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=%22Pie%22

Civil War Stories and Recipes: http://www.foodasalens.com/search?q=Civil+War

Listen to The Breaking Bread Podcast: [Listen Now] http://fdopie.podomatic.com

Fred Opie's New Books

     Zora Neale Hurston on Florida Food

     NYC Protest History: http://cup.columbia.edu/book/upsetting-the-apple-cart/9780231149402

Fried Pie Recipe with Photos: http://www.southernplate.com/2009/07/easy-fried-pies.html.

Green Tomato Mincemeat Fried Pie Recipe: 
http://allrecipes.com/Recipe/Green-Tomato-Mincemeat-Fried-Pies/Detail.aspx
.


How the Civil War Changed Food in America:[Listen Now 1hr 16 min 58 sec]  http://www.wbez.org/story/food-revolution-how-civil-war-changed-food-america-86224